Comparing Wavelengths – Radio to Gamma

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Description

Comparing Wavelengths - Radio to Gamma

TRY SOME QUICK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TO GET STARTED
Red and orange are two of the colours in the visible spectrum with the longest wavelengths.
Gamma rays have a shorter wavelength than radio waves.
Gamma rays transport more energy than any other band of wavelengths within the electromagnetic spectrum.
Gamma rays have the shortest wavelengths of any type of radiation within the electromagnetic spectrum.

About the diagram

About the diagram
  • This diagram compares the wavelength of four electromagnetic waves and arranges them according to their position within the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • Radio waves are shown at the top. They have the longest wavelength of the four types. These waves are shown as dull red. They are invisible to the human eye.
  • Red has the longest wavelength of the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • Violet has the shortest wavelength of the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • Gamma rays are shown at the bottom. They have the shortest wavelength of the four types. These waves are shown as a dull violet. They are invisible to the human eye.
  • The unit of measurement of wavelength is the metre.
  • When the wavelength of electromagnetic waves is very short, metres are sub-divided into micrometres, nanometres and picometres.
  • When the wavelength of electromagnetic waves is long, metres are converted into kilometres.
Remember that:
  • The position of an electromagnetic wave within the electromagnetic spectrum is determined by its wavelength (or frequency).
  • The electromagnetic spectrum includes, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing frequency: radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and gamma rays.
  • The electromagnetic spectrum includes, in order of the increasing size of wavelength and decreasing frequency: gamma rays, X-rays,  ultraviolet radiation, visible light,  infrared radiation, microwaves and radio waves.
  • The electromagnetic spectrum includes all possible wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, ranging from low energy radio waves through visible light to high energy gamma rays.

Some key terms

Electromagnetic wave

An electromagnetic wave carries electromagnetic radiation. An electromagnetic wave is formed as electromagnetic radiation propagates from a light source, travels ...

Wavelength

Wavelength is a measurement from any point on the path of a wave to the same point on its next ...

Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum includes electromagnetic waves with all possible wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, ranging from low energy radio waves through ...

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