# Force

In physics, a force is anything that can make an object move differently. It’s like a push or a pull that can make an object start moving, stop moving, or change direction. Imagine kicking a soccer ball – the kick is the force that makes the ball move.

• Forces can be either contact forces or non-contact forces.
• Contact forces: These happen when two objects touch, like friction when you rub your hands together, or the push you give the ball. Other examples of contact forces include tension, air resistance and the force exerted by springs.
• Non-contact forces: These act even when objects aren’t touching, like gravity pulling you down, or a magnet attracting a paperclip. Other examples of non-contact forces include gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong nuclear force.
• Forces can make things move faster (accelerate), slower (decelerate), or change direction altogether.
• Objects, bodies, matter, particles, radiation, and space-time are all in motion.
• On a cosmological-scale, concentrated matter in planets, stars, and galaxies leads to significant push-pull interactions.
• Motion signifies a change in the position of the elements of a physical system including translational motion, rotational motion, vibrational motion, and oscillatory motion.
##### Push-pull interactions
• Forces can bind objects together or push them apart. Force can therefore be described intuitively as a push or a pull with magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity.
• Whenever there is a push-pull interaction between two objects, forces are exerted on both. Once the interaction ceases, the forces no longer act, and the momentum of the objects continues unchanged.
• The push-pull interactions between things are explained by the interplay of forces.
• The existence of forces explains how objects interact with each other throughout the entirety of the natural world.
• Forces generate motion and can cause changes in velocity for objects possessing mass.
• Changes in velocity encompass various scenarios, such as initiating motion from a state of rest, accelerating, or decelerating.
##### Fundamental forces
• Four fundamental forces account for all the forms of pulling and pushing between things in the Universe.
• The electromagnetic force is responsible for interactions between charged particles, such as electrons and protons, and is fundamental to electrical and magnetic phenomena.
• The weak nuclear force is involved in processes like radioactive decay and plays a role in the interactions of subatomic particles.
• The strong nuclear force binds atomic nuclei together and is responsible for the stability of matter. It is the strongest of the four fundamental forces, but it has the shortest range.
• Gravity governs the interactions between massive objects and is responsible for phenomena like planetary motion and the attraction of objects towards Earth.
###### References
• In physics, a force is anything that can make an object move differently. It’s like a push or a pull that can make an object start moving, stop moving, or change direction. Imagine kicking a soccer ball – the kick is the force that makes the ball move.
• Forces can be either contact forces or non-contact forces.
• Contact forces: These happen when two objects touch, like friction when you rub your hands together, or the push you give the ball.
• Non-contact forces: These act even when objects aren’t touching, like gravity pulling you down, or a magnet attracting a paperclip.
• Non-contact forces are forces that act between objects that are not in contact with each other. Examples of non-contact forces include gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong nuclear force.
• Forces can make things move faster (accelerate), slower (decelerate), or change direction altogether.
• Objects, bodies, matter, particles, radiation, and space-time are all in motion.
• On a cosmological-scale, concentrated matter in planets, stars, and galaxies leads to significant push-pull interactions.
• Motion signifies a change in the position of the elements of a physical system including translational motion, rotational motion, vibrational motion, and oscillatory motion.