- Interneurons are also referred to as relay neurons, connector neurons, intermediate neurons and local circuit neurons each of which helps to explain their function.
- Interneurons form nodes within neural circuits, enabling communication between sensory or motor neurons and the central nervous system.
- Interneurons can be further broken down into two groups: local interneurons and relay interneurons.
- Local interneurons have short axons and form circuits with nearby neurons to analyse small pieces of information.
- Relay interneurons have long axons and connect circuits of neurons in one region of the brain with those in other regions.
- The interaction between interneurons allows the brain to perform complex functions such as sense-making.