Angle of incidence

The angle of incidence measures the angle at which incoming light strikes a surface.

  • The angle of incidence is measured between a ray of incoming light and an imaginary line called the normal.
  • In optics, the normal is an imaginary line drawn on a ray diagram perpendicular to, so at a right angle to (900), to the boundary between two media.
  • If the boundary between the media is curved, then the normal is drawn at a tangent to the boundary.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angle_of_incidence_(optics)