RGB colour values

RGB colour values are expressed as decimal triplets (yellow = 255, 255, 0) or hexadecimal triplets (green = #00FF00). Computer software is programmed to recognise RGB colour values.

  • In both cases, the triplets determine the amount of red, green and then blue used to produce a specific colour.
  • A decimal triplet is made up of three numbers between 0 and 255 divided by commas.
  • A hexadecimal triplet starts with a # sign followed by three two-digit numbers with values between  00 and FF written without spaces between.

Notation

Notation, the written version of RGB colour values is based on decimal notation (triplets with a base 10) or hexadecimal notation (triplets with a base 16).

  • Decimal notation uses 10 digits from 0 to 9 as follows, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.
  • Hexadecimal notation uses 16 digits from 0 to F as follows, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E and F.
  • Hexadecimal notation for values between 16 and 31 are as follows 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E and 1F.

Decimal notation

  • In decimal notation, an RGB triplet is used to represent the values of red, then green, then blue. A range of decimal numbers between 0 to 255 can be selected for each value.
    • Red = 255, 0, 0
    • Yellow = 255, 255, 0
    • Green = 0, 255, 0
    • Cyan = 0, 255, 255
    • Blue = 0, 0, 255
    • Magenta = 255, 0, 255

Hexadecimal notation

  • In hexadecimal notation an RGB triplet is used to represent the value of red, then green, then blue. A range of  hexadecimal numbers from 00 to FF can be selected for each value.
  • The hash symbol (#) is used to indicate hex notation.
    • Red = #FF0000
    • Yellow = #FFFF00
    • Green = #00FF00
    • Cyan = #00FFFF
    • Blue = #0000FF
    • Magenta = #FF00FF
References
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_color_models_in_computer_graphics