256 RGB Colours – Yellow to Green – Grid

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Description

256 RGB Colours - Yellow to Green

TRY SOME QUICK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TO GET STARTED
Secondary colours are the colours produced by mixing pairs of primary colours in equal proportions. The secondary colours in the RGB colour model are cyan, magenta and yellow.
Overlapping wavelengths of light corresponding with cyan, magenta and yellow make white because, when reflected off a neutral coloured surface, each adds more wavelengths to the reflected light.
When red (660 nm), green (525 nm) and blue (460 nm) colours of light are projected at the same intensity onto a neutral coloured surface they produce white.
In the HSB colour model saturation refers to the perceived difference between one colour and another in terms of vividness. Saturation is measured between a fully saturated colour (100%) and an unsaturated colour that appears dull and washed out until all colour disappears leaving only a monochromatic grey tone (0%). A fully saturated colour is produced by a single wavelength

About the diagram

This is one of a series of six diagrams that together show all 1530 fully saturated colours in the RGB colour model.

Each diagram shows 256 colours starting with a primary and finishing with a secondary colour or visa-vera:

  • Red (primary colour) to yellow (secondary colour)
  • Yellow (secondary) to green (primary)
  • Green (primary) to cyan (secondary)
  • Cyan (secondary) to blue (primary)
  • Blue (primary) to magenta (secondary)
  • Magenta (secondary) to red (primary)

Understanding the diagram

  • All the colours in this diagram have been produced by mixing different proportion of red and green light. The third primary colour, blue, is always off.
  • The diagram shows a stripe of yellow at the top, so both red and green have been set to maximum intensity to produce the secondary colour.
  • The stripe of green at the bottom results from red being turned to minimum and green to maximum intensity.
  • The block of colour swatches between the stripes are made up of 16 rows and 16 columns.
  • The first swatch at top left matches the yellow stripe: yellow = 255, 255, 00.
  • The last swatch at bottom right matches the green stripe: green = 00, 255, 00.
  • To make sense of this, it helps to understand how RGB colour notation works:
  • When mixing any RGB colour, three numbers (separated by commas) show how much red, green and blue light is to be used.
  • The minimum value for each light source is 0. In this case the light is fully off.
  • The maximum value for each light source is 255. In this case the light source is fully on.
  • As each number increases so does the intensity of the corresponding light but the wavelength, and so the colour we see, stays the same.
RGB colour values
Light source Red Green Blue
Maximum value for each light source (fully on) 255 , 255 , 255
Values between 0 and 255 1 to 254 1 to 254 1 to 254
Minimum value for each light source (fully off) 0 , 0 , 0

RGB colour values

Now let’s look at RGB colour values in detail

RGB colour values are represented by decimal triplets (base 10) or hexadecimal triplets (base 16). These triplets are used in software and apps to select a colour.

  • In decimal notation, an RGB triplet is used to represent the values of red, then green, then blue.
  • Decimal numbers between 0 and 255 are selected for each value:
  • Red = 255, 00, 00
  • Yellow = 255, 255, 00
  • Green = 00, 255, 00
  • Cyan = 00, 255, 255
  • Blue = 00, 00, 255
  • Magenta = 255, 00, 255
  • In hexadecimal notation, an RGB triplet is used to represent the value of red, then green, then blue.
  • Hexadecimal numbers between 00 and FF are selected for each value.
  • The hash symbol (#) is used to indicate hex notation:
  • Red = #FF0000
  • Yellow = #FFFF00
  • Green = #00FF00
  • Cyan = 00FFFF
  • Blue = #0000FF
  • Magenta = #FF00FF
  • The sequence of hexadecimal values between 1 and 16 are: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E and F.
  • The sequence of hexadecimal values between 17 and 32 are: 10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,1A,1B,1C,1D,1E and 1F.

Some key terms

Colour model

A colour model is the how-to part of colour theory. Together they establish terms and definitions, rules or conventions and ...

Colour

Things appear coloured to an observer because colour corresponds with a property of light that is visible to the human ...

What is the trichromatic colour model?

The trichromatic colour model is a theory of colour that establishes terms, rules and methods to enable human colour vision ...

Additive colour

An additive approach to colour refers to a method of mixing different wavelengths of light to produce other colours. An ...

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