1530 RGB Colours – Grid
This diagram shows all 1530 fully saturated colours in the RGB colour model.
The diagram splits the total of 1530 into blocks of 256 colours with each block starting with a primary and finishing with a secondary colour or visa-vera. The six segments are:
1530 RGB Colours - Grid
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About the diagram
This diagram shows all 1530 fully saturated colours in the RGB colour model.
The diagram splits the total of 1530 into blocks of 256 colours with each block starting with a primary and finishing with a secondary colour or visa-versa. The six segments are:
- Red (primary colour) to yellow (secondary colour)
- Yellow (secondary) to green (primary)
- Green (primary) to cyan (secondary)
- Cyan (secondary) to blue (primary)
- Blue (primary) to magenta (secondary)
- Magenta (secondary) to red (primary)
Understanding the diagram
- All the colours in this diagram have been produced by mixing pairs of primary colours. The third primary colour in any swatch is set to zero – off.
- The diagram is made up of six blocks each made up of 16 rows and 16 columns.
- The first block starts with red and ends with yellow. The second starts with yellow and ends with green.
- So yellow appears twice, once at the end and then again at the beginning of the next block.
- This arrangement repeats through the diagram so there are a total of 1536 swatches but a total of 1530 different colours.
- To make sense of the overall relationship of colours, it helps to understand how RGB colour notation works:
- When mixing any RGB colour, three numbers (separated by commas) show how much red, green and blue light is to be used.
- The minimum value for each light source is 0. In this case the light is fully off.
- The maximum value for each light source is 255. In this case the light source is fully on.
- As each number increases so does the intensity of the corresponding light but the wavelength, and so the colour we see, stays the same.
|RGB colour values
|Maximum value for each light source (fully on)||255||,||255||,||255|
|Values between 0 and 255||1 to 254||1 to 254||1 to 254|
|Minimum value for each light source (fully off)||0||,||0||,||0|
Now let’s look at RGB colour values in detail
RGB colour values are represented by decimal triplets (base 10) or hexadecimal triplets (base 16). These triplets are used in software and apps to select a colour.
- In decimal notation, an RGB triplet is used to represent the values of red, then green, then blue.
- Decimal numbers between 0 and 255 are selected for each value:
- Red = 255, 00, 00
- Yellow = 255, 255, 00
- Green = 00, 255, 00
- Cyan = 00, 255, 255
- Blue = 00, 00, 255
- Magenta = 255, 00, 255
- In hexadecimal notation, an RGB triplet is used to represent the value of red, then green, then blue.
- Hexadecimal numbers between 00 and FF are selected for each value.
- The hash symbol (#) is used to indicate hex notation:
- Red = #FF0000
- Yellow = #FFFF00
- Green = #00FF00
- Cyan = 00FFFF
- Blue = #0000FF
- Magenta = #FF00FF
- The sequence of hexadecimal values between 1 and 16 are: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E and F.
- The sequence of hexadecimal values between 17 and 32 are: 10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,1A,1B,1C,1D,1E and 1F.
Some key terms
- The observation of colour depends on:
- The range and intensity of wavelengths of visible light emitted by a light source, and the various media and materials it encounters on its journey to the retina of a human eye
- Optical phenomena such as absorption, dispersion, diffraction, polarization, reflection, refraction, scattering and transmission.
- Predispositions of an observer, such as their personal and social experience, health and state of mind.
A secondary colour is a colour made by mixing two primary colours in a given colour space. The colour space may be produced by an additive colour model that involves mixing different wavelengths of light or by a subtractive colour model that involves mixing pigments or dyes.
- Secondary colours produced by an additive colour model are quite different from the spectral colours seen in a rainbow.
- A spectral colour is produced by a single wavelength, or a narrow band of wavelengths, within the visible spectrum.
- A secondary colour produced by an additive colour model results from superimposing wavelengths of light from different areas of the visible spectrum.
- For the human eye, the best additive primary colours of light are red, green, and blue.
Primary colours are a set of colours from which others can be produced by mixing (pigments, dyes etc.) or overlapping (coloured lights).
- The human eye, and so human perception, is tuned to the visible spectrum and so to spectral colours between red and violet. It is the sensitivity of the eye to the electromagnetic spectrum that results in the perception of colour.
- A set of primary colours is a set of pigmented media or coloured lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a wide range of colour.
- This process of combining colours to produce other colours is used in applications intended to cause a human observer to experience a particular range of colours when represented by electronic displays and colour printing.
- Additive and subtractive models have been developed that predict how wavelengths of visible light, pigments and media interact.
- RGB colour is a technology used to reproduce colour in ways that match human perception.
- The primary colours used in colour-spaces such as CIELAB, NCS, Adobe RGB (1998) and sRGB are the result of an extensive investigation of the relationship between visible light and human colour vision.
- To be clear about the RGB colour model it is useful to remember first that:
- The visible spectrum is the range of wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum that correspond with all the different colours we see in the world.
- A spectral colour is a colour corresponding with a single wavelength of visible light, or with a narrow band of adjacent wavelengths.
- The human eye, and so human perception, is tuned to the visible spectrum and so to spectral colours between red and violet. However, because of the way the eye works, we can see many other colours which are produced by mixing colours from different areas of the spectrum. A particularly useful range of colours is produced by mixing red, green and blue light.
- RGB colour is an entirely different approach to producing and managing colour.
- RGB colour is an additive colour model in which red, green and blue light is combined in various proportions to reproduce a wide range of other colours. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three additive primary colours, red, green, and blue.
- Except for the three primary colours, RGB colours are not spectral colours because they are produced by combining colours from different areas of the visible spectrum.
- RGB colour provides the basis for a wide range of technologies used to reproduce digital colour.
- RGB colour provides the basis for reproducing colour in ways that are well aligned with human perception.
- When an observer has separate controls allowing them to adjust the intensity of overlapping red, green and blue coloured lights they are able to create a match for a very extensive range of colours.
- When looking at any modern display device such as a computer screen, mobile phone or projector we are looking at RGB colour.
- Magenta is an RGB colour for which there is no equivalent spectral colour.
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